Listeria monocytogenes can form persistent biofilms on food processing surfaces, resulting in cross-contamination of food products, including milk and milk products. Natural glycolipids are a promising intervention to control undesirable microbes due to their antimicrobial activity and low toxicity. This study aimed to determine the antimicrobial activity of glycolipids to control L. monocytogenes biofilms as well as in milk and on Queso Fresco. Application of a natural glycolipid product significantly reduced biofilm-associated L. monocytogenes on both polystyrene and stainless steel at concentrations as low as 45 mg/L. When added to UHT skim milk, a concentration of 1000 mg/L inhibited L. monocytogenes growth through 7 days of storage at 7 °C, and application of 1300 and 1500 mg/L reduced counts to levels below the limit of enumeration at day 21. In contrast, 2000 mg/L were necessary to inhibit growth through 7 days in whole milk. Glycolipid solutions at concentrations ≥10% reduced L. monocytogenes counts on Queso Fresco through 7 days when applied as a dip. Overall, natural glycolipids have potential as a natural alternative for the removal of biofilms and as an antimicrobial to control L. monocytogenes in milk and milk products with short shelf lives. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.