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Apparent wall slip effects on rheometric measurements of waxy gels

Authors
  • Marinho, Thiago O.
  • Marchesini, Flavio H.
  • de Oliveira, Márcia C. K.
  • Nele, Márcio
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1122/8.0000111
OAI: oai:archive.ugent.be:8696463
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The effects of apparent wall slip on rheometric measurements of waxy gels are quantified for gels consisting of a macrocrystalline wax added in mineral oil in concentrations of 3.0 and 7.5 wt. %. The waxy gels are formed in situ in a stress-controlled rheometer, and rheological properties are then obtained. Seven different geometry configurations, including parallel plates, concentric cylinders, and vane, are employed. The surface roughness of the different geometries and wax crystals size are assessed to provide insight into the apparent wall slip phenomenon. In the presence of smooth surfaces, a decrease in approximately 80% in the measured yield stress value is observed in oscillatory tests, regardless of system composition. In addition, the storage modulus measurements are substantially different when obtained from smooth or grooved geometries. In creep experiments, the yield stress measurements decrease by 68%. As expected, apparent wall slip markedly affects the shape of the flow curves obtained, causing the appearance of kinks for smooth Couette geometry. Apparent slip velocities are calculated in the regime just above the yield stress, and it is found that for low concentrations apparent slip increases with concentration and decreases with the ratio between the shear stress and dynamic yield stress. The gathered results also demonstrate that the reproducibility of rheological measurements is improved by using geometries with grooved parts. By quantifying the effects of apparent wall slip on rheological measurements of waxy gels for different geometries, this work can provide useful information for the design of pipelines and oil transportation processes.

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