Apparent Reversal by Cortisone of an Electro-Convulsive Refractory State in a Psychotic Patient with Addison's Disease

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Apparent Reversal by Cortisone of an Electro-Convulsive Refractory State in a Psychotic Patient with Addison's Disease

Publication Date
Feb 15, 1956
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Medicine
License
Unknown

Abstract

Fact Sheet DiD you know? Adrenal insufficiency is a true medical condition that can be detected through blood tests, unlike “adrenal fatigue.” WhAt cAuses AI? Primary AI. the most common cause of primary aI is autoimmune disease, meaning the body’s defense system attacks and destroys the body’s own tissues. When adrenal glands are damaged, they can’t produce hormones. Other causes of primary aI include bleeding in the glands, infections, genetic (inherited) diseases, and surgical removal of the adrenal glands. secondary AI. Problems with the pituitary gland cause secondary aI. Normally, the pituitary gland makes a hormone called acth, which tells the adrenal glands to make cortisol. But in secondary aI, the pituitary gland does not send acth to the adrenal glands. No cortisol is made. Some causes may be temporary, such as taking certain prescription medicines like prednisone, hydrocortisone, or dexamethasone. Other causes may be permanent. these include hormone problems present at birth, tumors or infections in the pituitary, or surgical or radiation damage to the pituitary. WhAt Are the symPtoms of AI? Symptoms (what you feel) begin little by little. they include fatigue, muscle weakness, decreased appetite, and weight loss. Some people experience nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Other symptoms include • Pain in the muscles and joints • Low blood pressure leading to dizziness upon standing what is aDrenal insufficiency? the adrenal glands, located on top of the kidneys, make hormones that are essential for body functions. the outer layer (cortex) of the adrenal glands makes three types of steroid hormones. In adrenal insufficiency (aI), the cortex does not make enough steroid hormones. there are two kinds of aI: • Primary AI, also called addison’s disease. In this rare condition, the adrenal glands do not work properly and cannot make enough cortisol (a “stress” hormone). Usually, production of aldosterone and androgens (the other hormones m

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