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AP-1A and AP-3A lysosomal sorting functions.

Authors
  • Reusch, Uwe
  • Bernhard, Olaf
  • Koszinowski, Ulrich
  • Schu, Peter
Type
Published Article
Journal
Traffic (Copenhagen, Denmark)
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2002
Volume
3
Issue
10
Pages
752–761
Identifiers
PMID: 12230473
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Heterotetrameric adaptor-protein complexes AP-1A and AP-3A mediate protein sorting in post-Golgi vesicular transport. AP-1A and AP-3A have been localized to the trans-Golgi network, indicating a function in protein sorting at this compartment. AP-3A appears to mediate trans-Golgi network-to-lysosome and also endosome-to-lysosome protein sorting. AP-1A is thought to be required for both trans-Golgi network-to-endosome transport and endosome-to-trans-Golgi network transport. However, the recent discovery of a role for monomeric GGA (Golgi localized gamma-ear containing, ARF binding protein) adaptor proteins in trans-Golgi network to endosome protein transport has brought into question the long-discussed trans-Golgi network-to-endosome sorting function of AP-1A. Murine cytomegalovirus gp48 contains an unusual di-leucine-based lysosome sorting signal motif and mediates lysosomal sorting of gp48/major histocompatibility complex class I receptor complexes, preventing exposure of major histocompatibility complex class I at the plasma membrane. We analyzed lysosomal sorting of gp48/major histocompatibility complex class I receptor complexes in cell lines deficient for AP-1A, AP-3A and both, to determine their sorting functions. We find that AP1-A and AP3-A mediate distinct and sequential steps in the lysosomal sorting. Both sorting functions are required to prevent MHC class I exposure at the plasma membrane at steady-state.

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