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Anxiety and depression symptoms of medical staff under COVID-19 epidemic in China.

Authors
  • Liu, Yuan1
  • Chen, Hongguang2
  • Zhang, Nan1
  • Wang, Xing3
  • Fan, Qinyi4
  • Zhang, Yuling5
  • Huang, Liping1
  • Hu, Bo6
  • Li, Mengqian7
  • 1 Department of Psychosomatic medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China. , (China)
  • 2 Peking University Sixth Hospital, Peking University Institute of Mental Health, NHC Key Laboratory of Mental Health (Peking University), National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing 100083, China. , (China)
  • 3 Medical Experimental Teaching Center of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China. , (China)
  • 4 Harbin First Special Hospital, Harbin 150056, China. , (China)
  • 5 Infectious Disease Hospital of Heilongjiang Province, Heilongjiang 150500, China. , (China)
  • 6 Department of Psychosomatic medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
  • 7 Department of Psychosomatic medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of affective disorders
Publication Date
Sep 07, 2020
Volume
278
Pages
144–148
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.09.004
PMID: 32961409
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

It is well known that unexpected pandemic has led to an increase in mental health problems among a variety of populations. In this study, an online non-probability sample survey was used to anonymously investigate the anxiety and depression symptoms among medical staff under the COVID-19 outbreak. The questionnaire included Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Factors associated with anxiety and depression symptoms were estimated by logistic regression analysis. A total of 1090 medical staff were investigated in this study. The estimated self-reported rates of anxiety symptoms, depression symptoms and both of the two were 13.3%, 18.4% and 23.9% respectively. Factors associated with self-reported anxiety symptoms include married status (OR=2.3, 95%CI: 1.2, 4.4), not living alone (OR=0.4, 95%CI: 0.2, 0.7), never confiding their troubles to others (OR=2.2, 95%CI: 1.4, 3.5) and higher stress (OR=14.4, 95%CI: 7.8, 26.4). Factors associated with self-reported depression symptoms include not living alone (OR=0.4, 95%CI: 0.3, 0.7), sometimes/often getting care from neighbours (OR=0.6, 95%CI: 0.4, 0.9), never confiding their troubles to others (OR=2.0, 95%CI: 1.3, 3.0) and higher stress (OR=9.7, 95%CI: 6.2, 15.2). The study was a non-probability sample survey. Besides, scales used in this study can only identify mental health states. Under outbreak of COVID-19, self-reported rates of anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms were high in investigated medical staff. Psychological interventions for those at high risk with common mental problems should be integrated into the work plan to fight against the epidemic. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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