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Gelatin Type A from Porcine Skin Used as Co-Initiator in a Radical Photo-Initiating System.

Authors
  • Cosola, Andrea1
  • Chiappone, Annalisa1
  • Martinengo, Cinzia1
  • Grützmacher, Hansjörg2
  • Sangermano, Marco1
  • 1 Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 Department for Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zürich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, CH 8093 Zürich, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Polymers
Publication Date
Nov 18, 2019
Volume
11
Issue
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/polym11111901
PMID: 31752153
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

In the present study, a different approach for the preparation of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate-gelatin (PEGDA-gelatin) hydrogels was investigated. Gelatin type A from porcine skin was used as the co-initiator of a radical photo-initiating system instead of the traditional aliphatic or aromatic amines. This became possible because, upon visible-light irradiation, the amine sequences within gelatin generate initiating free-radicals through the intermolecular proton transfer in a Norrish type II reaction with camphorquinone (CQ). PEGDA-gelatin hydrogels were prepared by visible-light-induced photopolymerization. The gelatin content in the precursor formulations was varied. The influence of gelatin on the kinetics of the photocuring reaction was investigated, and it was found that gelatin fastened the rate of polymerization at all concentrations. The covalent attachment of gelatin segments within the cross-linked hydrogels was evaluated by means of attenuated total reflectance-infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy after solvent extraction. The thermo-mechanical properties, as well as the swelling behavior and gel content, were also investigated.

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