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Implication of 5-HT in the Dysregulation of Chloride Homeostasis in Prenatal Spinal Motoneurons from the G93A Mouse Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Authors
  • Martin, Elodie1
  • Cazenave, William1
  • Allain, Anne-Emilie1
  • Cattaert, Daniel1
  • Branchereau, Pascal1
  • 1 University of Bordeaux, CNRS, INCIA, UMR 5287, F-33000 Bordeaux, France. , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Feb 07, 2020
Volume
21
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21031107
PMID: 32046135
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron degeneration and muscle paralysis. The early presymptomatic onset of abnormal processes is indicative of cumulative defects that ultimately lead to a late manifestation of clinical symptoms. It remains of paramount importance to identify the primary defects that underlie this condition and to determine how these deficits lead to a cycle of deterioration. We recently demonstrated that prenatal E17.5 lumbar spinal motoneurons (MNs) from SOD1G93A mice exhibit a KCC2-related alteration in chloride homeostasis, i.e., the EGABAAR is more depolarized than in WT littermates. Here, using immunohistochemistry, we found that the SOD1G93A lumbar spinal cord is less enriched with 5-HT descending fibres than the WT lumbar spinal cord. High-performance liquid chromatography confirmed the lower level of the monoamine 5-HT in the SOD1G93A spinal cord compared to the WT spinal cord. Using ex vivo perforated patch-clamp recordings of lumbar MNs coupled with pharmacology, we demonstrated that 5-HT strongly hyperpolarizes the EGABAAR by interacting with KCC2. Therefore, the deregulation of the interplay between 5-HT and KCC2 may explain the alteration in chloride homeostasis detected in prenatal SOD1G93A MNs. In conclusion, 5-HT and KCC2 are two likely key factors in the presymptomatic phase of ALS, particular in familial ALS involving the SOD1G93A mutation.

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