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Antinociceptive effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and an angiotensin II receptor antagonist in mice.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Life Sciences
0024-3205
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
59
Issue
21
Identifiers
PMID: 8937511
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Potential involvement of brain endogenous angiotensin II in the nociception was investigated in mice by using ACE inhibitors and an angiotensin II antagonist. The mice were allocated to the groups which were orally treated with spirapril (5 mg/kg), trandolapril (5 mg/kg), enalapril (30 mg/kg), losartan (10 mg/kg), or vehicle for 1 day (single dose groups) and 7 days (repeated doses groups). Significantly longer jump latencies were obtained for the groups repeatedly treated with spirapril, trandolapril and losartan, while the group with enalapril gained no effect. In contrast, the single dosing of all agents failed to show antinociceptive effect. The brain ACE activity was determined ex vivo immediately after the hot-plate test, and showed to be suppressed for the groups repeatedly treated with spirapril or trandolapril. In the group repeatedly treated with losartan, ex vivo autoradiography depicted the marked decrease in angiotensin II-binding capacity to the sites containing exclusively AT1 receptors within the blood-brain barrier. The antinociceptive effects of repeated doses of spirapril and losartan were reversed by naloxone. These results suggest that brain endogenous angiotensin II is likely to be involved in central nociceptive mechanisms by its antagonistic interaction with endogenous opioid system.

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