Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil and Major Constituents of Salvia chloroleuca

Authors
  • Yousefzadi, Morteza
  • Sonboli, Ali
  • Ebrahimi, Samad Nejad
  • Hashemi, Seid Hasan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C
Publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2008
Volume
63
Issue
5-6
Pages
337–340
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/znc-2008-5-605
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The aerial parts of Salvia chloroleuca were collected at full flowering stage at Shahrestanak (Tehran province of Iran). The essential oil was isolated by hydrodistillation and analyzed by combination of capillary GC and GC-MS. Thirty-four components were identified, representing 98.5% of the total oil. β-Pinene (10.6%), α-pinene (9.0%), β-caryophyllene (9.0%), 1,8-cineole (9.0%) and carvacrol (7.9%) were the main components. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of S. chloroleuca was studied against seven Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae) and three fungi (Candida albicans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Aspergillus niger); the disc diffusion method and MIC values indicated that the oil exhibited moderate to high antimicrobial activity.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times