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Anti-inflammatory dihydroxanthones from a Diaporthe species

Authors
  • Rohr, Markus1
  • Kiefer, Anna Maria1
  • Kauhl, Ulrich2
  • Groß, Jonathan2
  • Opatz, Till2
  • Erkel, Gerhard1
  • 1 University of Kaiserslautern, Paul-Ehrlich-Strasse 23, D-67663 , (Germany)
  • 2 University of Mainz, Duesbergweg 10-14, D-55128 , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biological Chemistry
Publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
Aug 02, 2021
Volume
403
Issue
1
Pages
89–101
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/hsz-2021-0192
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

In a search for anti-inflammatory compounds from fungi inhibiting the promoter activity of the small chemokine CXCL10 (Interferon-inducible protein 10, IP-10) as a pro-inflammatory marker gene, the new dihydroxanthone methyl (1R, 2R)-1,2,8-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-9-oxo-2,9-dihydro-1H-xanthene-1-carboxylate (2) and the previously described dihydroxanthone AGI-B4 (1) were isolated from fermentations of a Diaporthe species. The structures of the compounds were elucidated by a combination of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and calculations using density functional theory (DFT). Compounds 1 and 2 inhibited the LPS/IFNγ induced CXCL10 promoter activity in transiently transfected human MonoMac6 cells in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 values of 4.1 µM (±0.2 µM) and 1.0 µM (±0.06 µM) respectively. Moreover, compounds 1 and 2 reduced mRNA levels and synthesis of pro-inflammatory mediators such as cytokines and chemokines in LPS/IFNγ stimulated MonoMac6 cells by interfering with the Stat1 and NFκB pathway.

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