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Antifungal immune responses in mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae): A review.

Authors
  • Bitencourt, Ricardo de Oliveira Barbosa1
  • Salcedo-Porras, Nicolas2
  • Umaña-Diaz, Claudia2
  • da Costa Angelo, Isabele3
  • Lowenberger, Carl4
  • 1 Program in Veterinary Science, Institute of Veterinary Science, Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ, Brazil; Centre for Cell Biology, Development and Disease, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby BC V5A 1S6, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Brazil)
  • 2 Centre for Cell Biology, Development and Disease, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby BC V5A 1S6, British Columbia, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 3 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Veterinary Institute, Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, RJ, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 4 Centre for Cell Biology, Development and Disease, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby BC V5A 1S6, British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Nov 22, 2020
Volume
178
Pages
107505–107505
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jip.2020.107505
PMID: 33238166
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Mosquitoes transmit many parasites and pathogens to humans that cause significant morbidity and mortality. As such, we are constantly looking for new methods to reduce mosquito populations, including the use of effective biological controls. Entomopathogenic fungi are excellent candidate biocontrol agents to control mosquitoes. Understanding the complex ecological, environmental, and molecular interactions between hosts and pathogens are essential to create novel, effective and safe biocontrol agents. Understanding how mosquitoes recognize and eliminate pathogens such as entomopathogenic fungi may allow us to create insect-order specific biocontrol agents to reduce pest populations. Here we summarize the current knowledge of fungal infection, colonization, development, and replication within mosquitoes and the innate immune responses of the mosquitoes towards the fungal pathogens, emphasizing those features required for an effective mosquito biocontrol agent. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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