Several studies indicate that the I domain located in the alpha chain (CD11a) of leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1; CD11a/CD18) plays an essential role in ligand recognition. We recently identified three distinct epitopes (IdeA, IdeB, and IdeC) within the CD11a I domain, recognized by antibodies that block binding of LFA-1 to intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM) 1, 2, and 3. In the present study, we used a series of human/murine CD11a I domain chimeras, to localize a fourth I domain epitope (IdeD), recognized by three independently derived anti-CD11a antibodies that selectively block the binding of LFA-1 to ICAM-3, but not to ICAM-1. The IdeD epitope depended on human CD11a residues Asp182 and Ser184 and was not present in CD11b or CD11c. Although mutation of Asp182 and Ser184 failed to abolish ICAM-3 adhesion of LFA-1 transfectants, alignment of these residues with the crystal structure of the CD11a I domain suggested that the IdeD epitope is located in close proximity to residues (Ile126 and Asn129) recently implicated in the ICAM-3 binding site. Interestingly, the IdeB and IdeC epitopes appeared to be in close proximity of a divalent cation binding pocket within the CD11a I domain that regulates both ICAM-1 and ICAM-3 adhesion. Taken together, these data indicate that distinct regions of the CD11a I domain contain epitopes for antibodies that either selectively inhibit binding of LFA-1 to ICAM-3, or interfere with both ICAM-1 and ICAM-3 binding of LFA-1.