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Antiangiogenic Effects of Coumarins against Cancer: From Chemistry to Medicine

Authors
  • majnooni, mohammad bagher
  • fakhri, sajad
  • smeriglio, antonella
  • trombetta, domenico
  • croley, courtney r.
  • bhattacharyya, piyali
  • sobarzo-sánchez, eduardo
  • farzaei, mohammad hosein
  • bishayee, anupam
Publication Date
Nov 24, 2019
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Angiogenesis, the process of formation and recruitment of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, plays an important role in the development of cancer. Therefore, the use of antiangiogenic agents is one of the most critical strategies for the treatment of cancer. In addition, the complexity of cancer pathogenicity raises the need for multi-targeting agents. Coumarins are multi-targeting natural agents belonging to the class of benzopyrones. Coumarins have several biological and pharmacological effects, including antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, anticoagulant, anxiolytic, analgesic, and anticancer properties. Several reports have shown that the anticancer effect of coumarins and their derivatives are mediated through targeting angiogenesis by modulating the functions of vascular endothelial growth factor as well as vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, which are involved in cancer pathogenesis. In the present review, we focus on the antiangiogenic effects of coumarins and related structure-activity relationships with particular emphasis on cancer.

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