Affordable Access

Anti-leucocyte common (CD45) antibodies inhibit dendritic cell stimulation of CD4 and CD8 T-lymphocyte proliferation.

Authors
  • Prickett, T C
  • Hart, D N
Type
Published Article
Journal
Immunology
Publication Date
Feb 01, 1990
Volume
69
Issue
2
Pages
250–256
Identifiers
PMID: 1968425
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) act as primary antigen-presenting cells and probably initiate T-cell responses via the formation of DC-T-cell clusters. Both DC and T cells express members of the leucocyte common (CD45) family of molecules as major cell membrane proteins. The possibility that the leucocyte common antigens (LCA) play a functional role in the cellular events of a primary T-cell response was tested, by examining the effect of CD45 antibodies on the T-cell proliferative response induced by stimulating with allogeneic DC in the mixed leucocyte reaction (MLR). The presence of individual CD45 monoclonal antibodies during the MLR inhibited T-cell proliferation only weakly, but a mixture of monoclonal antibodies against different epitopes of the LCA had a more profound inhibitory effect. The effect of the CD45 antibodies was maximal during the first 24 hr and preincubation experiments indicated that the major blocking effect occurred at the T-cell level, although some inhibition after preincubation with DC was noted. Purified allogeneic CD8 T-cell responses were more susceptible to inhibition than purified CD4 cell responses, but no difference in the inhibition of the CD45RA (CMRF-11) or CD45RO (UCHL1) LCA-positive T-cell subsets was observed. The presence of CD45 antibodies did not inhibit DC-T-cell clustering but reduced cluster stability, suggesting that certain epitopes of the LCA may be involved in the process of cell adhesion.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times