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Anthropometric nutritional assessment of critically ill hospitalized children.

Authors
  • Leite, H P
  • Isatugo, M K
  • Sawaki, L
  • Fisberg, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista paulista de medicina
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1993
Volume
111
Issue
1
Pages
309–313
Identifiers
PMID: 8235251
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In a prospective study, the nutritional status was evaluated in 46 consecutive admissions to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, using anthropometric parameters. About 65% of the patients presented malnutrition on admission, with predominance of the chronic form. The mortality rate was greater in the malnourished (20 versus 12.5%) and chronic malnutrition was associated with a higher incidence of infection (42%). There was a fall in channel of percentile for weight-for-height in 36% of the patients evaluated at the final follow up. These results suggest that a significant number of patients are at nutritional risk at the time of hospital admission, and there is an association between nutritional status and hospital course. The anthropometric nutritional evaluation is a simple an reproducible method, and a valuable parameter for an objective nutritional assessment of the critically ill child. Therefore, it should be performed on admission and follow up of hospitalized children.

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