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Anomalous reaction of Rh2(OAc)4-generated transient carbonyl ylides: chemoselective synthesis of epoxy-bridged tetrahydropyranone, oxepanone, oxocinone, and oxoninone ring systems.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Organic Chemistry
0022-3263
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Volume
72
Issue
4
Pages
1252–1262
Identifiers
PMID: 17243719
Source
Medline

Abstract

A series of symmetrical and unsymmetrical alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones such as arylmethylidenecycloalkanones (16, 19), bis(arylmethylidene)cycloalkanones (21, 23, 27), bisdiphenylnonatetraenones (30), and bis(phenylpropenylidene)cycloalkanones (33, 38, 42) were synthesized and subjected to the rhodium(II)-catalyzed tandem cyclization-cycloaddition reactions with various alpha-diazo ketones. These reactions afforded spiro epoxy-bridged tetrahydropyranone, spiro epoxy-bridged oxepanone (41, 43), epoxyoxocin-4(5H)-one (35, 37), and epoxyoxonin-5(6H)-one (40) frameworks starting from relatively simple precursors. The regio- and stereochemistry and solid-state architecture arrangements of several products were characterized by single-crystal X-ray structure analysis. The cycloaddition of carbonyl ylides with the compounds having both C=O and C=C groups was found to be chemo- and regioselective. Interestingly, an unusual ring enlargement of cycloadducts 34, 36, and 41 derived from C=O group addition was observed, affording epoxyoxocin-4(5H)-one and epoxyoxonin-5(6H)-one frameworks. Examples for the tandem cyclization-cycloaddition-ring enlargement reaction were also described. The rhodium(II)-generated carbonyl ylides behaved anomalously, furnishing the cycloadducts as a result of the cycloaddition of carbonyl ylides to C=O group despite the presence of C=C groups.

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