The proposed dataset provides annotations for the 552 cardiotocographic (CTG) recordings included in the publicly available “CTU-CHB intra-partum CTG database” from Physionet ( https://physionet.org/content/ctu-uhb-ctgdb/1.0.0/ ). Each CTG recording is composed by two simultaneously acquired signals: i) the fetal heart rate (FHR) and ii) the maternal tocogram (representing uterine activity). Annotations consist in the detection of starting and ending points of specific CTG events on both FHR signal and maternal tocogram. Annotated events for the FHR signal are the bradycardia, tachycardia, acceleration and deceleration episodes. Annotated events for the maternal tocogram are the uterine contractions. The dataset also reports classification of each deceleration as early, late, variable or prolonged, in relation to the presence of a uterine contraction. Annotations were obtained by an expert gynecologist with the support of CTG Analyzer, a dedicated software application for automatic analysis of digital CTG recordings. These annotations can be useful in the development, testing and comparison of algorithms for the automatic analysis of digital CTG recordings, which can make CTG interpretation more objective and independent from clinician's experience.