Five cynomolgus monkeys treated with unilateral carotid ligation, renal hypertension, and beta-aminopropionitrile feeding were studied repeatedly by cerebral angiography to clarify the growth process of saccular cerebral aneurysms. Repeated angiography demonstrated saccular cerebral aneurysms in three of five monkeys; two aneurysms were found 15 months and a third 12 months after the operation. At autopsy, one saccular aneurysm was found to be bilocular in shape, and the others were unilocular. Fusiform aneurysms were also observed in four monkeys. Microscopic studies revealed the walls of the saccular aneurysms were very thin and consisted of fibrous tissue. In one aneurysm, the aneurysmal sac was almost obstructed by a well-organized thrombus. No evidence of intramural hemorrhage was found in any of the saccular cerebral aneurysms. The conversion of early aneurysmal changes into saccular aneurysms was found to occur abruptly, and no consistent growth rate was noted. The multiloculation of saccular aneurysms was closely related to the size of an aneurysm. The present study indicates that a saccular cerebral aneurysm may grow abruptly from one of several different kinds of early aneurysmal changes.