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Analyzing space-time dynamics of the ecological niche: A case study with the pine marten (Martes martes) population

Authors
  • Puzachenko, Yu. G.1
  • Zheltukhin, A. S.2
  • Sandlerskiy, R. B.1, 2
  • 1 Russian Academy of Sciences, Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Leninskii pr. 33, Moscow, 119071, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
  • 2 Central Forest State Nature Reserve, Zapovednoe, Nelidovo raion, Tver oblast, 172513, Russia , Zapovednoe, Nelidovo raion, Tver oblast (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biology Bulletin Reviews
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Publication Date
May 25, 2011
Volume
1
Issue
3
Pages
245–264
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1134/S207908641103008X
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The potential of discriminant analysis for assessing the parameters of an ecological niche is demonstrated by a case study with the pine marten (Martes martes L., 1758) via analysis of the dependence of marten footprint presence on the relief and environmental characteristics represented by remote sensing data, as well as calculation of the probability of encountering the footprints on the territory of the Central Forest Nature Reserve and its buffer zone. Analysis performed individually for each of 11 months over a 3-year observation period demonstrated that the measure of species association with environmental conditions and the pattern of species distribution are to a considerable degree determined by weather conditions. The overall dependence on the environment becomes stronger under adverse conditions. Methods for integrating the data of monthly analyses into a general map of habitat types are demonstrated. Wide possibilities for applying the described technology to research and practical problems in population ecology are underlined.

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