Transport telematics systems integrate information technology with telecommunications for their use in various transport systems. Thanks to the use of advanced technical solutions and modern telecommunications and IT systems, it is possible to implement additional innovative services. They can be used to rationalize the process of using and maintaining means of transport. Modern vehicles are equipped with telematic on-board systems. Such solutions combine various electronic devices used in the vehicle. For this purpose, bus solutions are used, thanks to which it is possible to control individual systems and devices. It is also possible to use the transmitted data to detect negative exploitation phenomena during vehicle use (e.g. glazing phenomenon, work in the upper engine rev range with too low coolant temperature, intensive work compressor of the high air pressure system being a symptom of inability of pneumatic systems). This is possible because the data being sent has a specific information resource. Thanks to this, to can be concluded about the loss of the exploitation potential of the vehicle. This approach will be used to rationalize the technical service of the vehicle fleet, with regard to profiling. Using exploitation data, received via a telematic interface from vehicles, it is possible to profile the rolling stock. It consists in distinguishing individual sets of vehicles due to certain reliability and exploitation properties. This approach allows for the specification of the rolling stock exploitation, giving the opportunity to rationalize the use and exploitation. The publication presents the author’s graph of the exploitation process taking into account the profiling of the vehicle fleet. The application of the presented approach will contribute to the improvement of the value of certain vehicle reliability and exploitation indicators.