The objective of this paper is to describe the Social Sciences and Humanities projects with Spanish participation within the Sixth EU Framework Programme (FP6) (2002-2006) as well as the scientific production resulting from these projects. First, we determine the most significant characteristics of the projects with Spanish participation (duration, funding, topics, type of institution, etc.). Secondly, we analyse the scientific production derived from a selection of projects from the Scopus database to analyse some bibliometric features. The results show that the projects have a significant Spanish participation, but below other countries with a smaller demographic volume, and there is little leadership from Spanish institutions. The scientific production is characterized by articles written predominantly in English, published in first-quartile journals and prepared by one or two authors. However, only 14.7% of the articles analysed were coordinated by a Spanish author.