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Analysis of Smartphone Text Data Related to mpox from a U.S. Sample of Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men During the 2022 Outbreak

  • Cascalheira, Cory J
  • Hong, Chenglin
  • Beltran, Raiza M
  • Karkkainen, Kimmo
  • Beikzadeh, Mehrab
  • Sarrafzadeh, Majid
  • Holloway, Ian W
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2023
eScholarship - University of California
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Purpose: We sought to understand technology-based communication regarding mpox (monkeypox) among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) during the global outbreak in 2022. Methods: Forty-four GBMSM (Mage = 25.3 years, 68.2% cisgender, 43.2% non-White) living in the United States participated. From May 2022 to August 2022, all text data related to mpox (174 instances) were downloaded from the smartphones of GBMSM. Text data and smartphone app usage were analyzed. Results: Content analysis revealed 10 text-based themes and 7 app categories. GBMSM primarily used search and browser, texting, and gay dating apps to share vaccine updates, seek mpox vaccination, find general mpox information, share mpox information with other GBMSM, and discuss links between mpox and gay culture. Data visualizations revealed that changes in communication themes and app usage were responsive to major milestones in the mpox outbreak. Conclusion: GBMSM used apps to facilitate a community-driven mpox response.

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