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Analysis of the Occurrence Frequency of Seedable Clouds on the Korean Peninsula for Precipitation Enhancement Experiments

Authors
  • kim, bu-yo
  • cha, joo wan
  • a-reum, ko
  • jung, woonseon
  • jong-chul, ha
Publication Date
May 07, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/rs12091487
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/2072-4292/12/9/1487/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Our study analyzed the occurrence frequency and distribution of seedable clouds around the Korean Peninsula in order to better secure water resources. Cloud products from the Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite (COMS), including cloud fraction, cloud top height, cloud top temperature, cloud phase, cloud top pressure, cloud optical thickness, and rainfall intensity, were used. Daytime hourly data between 0900 and 1800 local standard time (LST) observed from December 2016 to November 2019 was used. Seedable clouds occurring within this period were evaluated based on seasonal cloud phases, occurrence frequency, and cloud characteristics according to land, sea, and cloud type. These clouds exhibited varying average occurrence frequencies in different seasons. Sc (stratocumulus) clouds exhibited the highest occurrence frequency for all seasons, with an average of 63%, followed by Cu (cumulus) at 15%, As (altostratus) at 13%, and Ac (altocumulus) at 6%. We determined that low-level clouds primarily occurred around the Korean Peninsula, and the occurrence frequency of stratiform clouds was highest for water phase seedable clouds, while the occurrence frequency of cumuliform clouds was highest for ice phase seedable clouds. We believe that precipitation enhancement experiments could be suitable for western and eastern seas around the Korean Peninsula as well as for mountainous regions on land.

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