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Analysis of functional genomes from metagenomes: Revealing the accelerated electron transfer in microbial fuel cell with rhamnolipid addition.

Authors
  • Zhang, Yunshu1
  • Jiang, Junqiu1
  • Zhao, Qingliang2
  • Wang, Kun1
  • Yu, Hang1
  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resources and Environments (SKLUWRE), School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China. , (China)
  • 2 State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resources and Environments (SKLUWRE), School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2018
Volume
119
Pages
59–67
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2017.08.010
PMID: 28917182
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Extracellular electron transfer is the predominant electricity generation process in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Our pervious study have proved that the anodic adsorption of rhamnolipid resulted in the Frumkin effect, which enhanced anodic microorganism attachment and accelerated anodic electron transfer. In this study, an in-depth research on the influence of rhamnolipid on functional genes of anodic biofilms metagenomes was carried out to explain its mechanism at the gene level. The result showed that the composition and distribution of functional genes in each dominant genus were different. The category of signal transduction mechanisms was the dominant function category in exoelectrogens, and its relative abundance in the metagenome significantly increased from 4.56 to 5.86% from rhamnolipid addition. Additionally, the metabolic pathway and electron flow analysis revealed that electron flows tend to choose direct electron transfer in the presence of rhamnolipids, and resulting in the increase of Coulombic efficiency from 19.10±0.79% to 27.39±1.07%.

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