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Analysis of farmers’ environmental sustainability behavior: the use of norm activation theory (a sample from Iran)

Authors
  • Ataei, Pouria
  • Karimi, Hamid
  • Moradhaseli, Somayeh
  • Babaei, Mohammad Hossain
Type
Published Article
Journal
Arabian Journal of Geosciences
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 26, 2022
Volume
15
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12517-022-10042-4
PMCID: PMC9040358
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Paper
License
Unknown

Abstract

Human activities are the most effective and significant cause of environmental changes, some of which are destructive and others are beneficial. One of the most effective steps to protect the environment is to assess farmers’ behavior in achieving the goals of environmental sustainability. This study aimed to analyze the environmental sustainability behavior of farmers using the norm activation theory (NAT) in a questionnaire-based survey. The statistical population comprised wheat farmers in Kermanshah province, Iran ( N = 126,900). The sample size was determined to be 382 farmers by Krejcie and Morgan’s table. The validity of the questionnaire was verified by experts and its reliability was confirmed by a pilot test and calculating Cronbach’s alpha. Five variables of perceived behavior control, perceived self-efficacy, ascription of responsibility, denial of responsibility, and awareness of consequences had significant effects on personal norms. The variable of personal norms had a significant effect on farmers’ sustainable behavior. By and large, it can be concluded that NAT can adequately account for the environmental sustainability of farmers.

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