On-time completion of road infrastructure projects is a critical goal. Whenprojects were not completed on schedule and real construction progress isslower than expected, the inconvenience and disruption to business accessincreases. On time completion is linked to economic and social welfare,as well as safety. Construction delays continue to be a typical occurrence,despite the need of prompt completion.A literature study is conducted in this context in order to learn more aboutthe causes and factors that contribute to delays. Following a thoroughreview of the literature, it was determined that a questionnaire survey isthe most effective and trustworthy way for gathering information about thecauses and quantifying delays caused by emergent factors. The RelativeImportance Index (RII) method was used to analyze the data, and thereasons for the delay were prioritized according to their importance. Thisstudy focuses on the emergent concerns/causes and reasons of concernin road infrastructure projects, as well as how to priorities these issuessequentially during the planning stage. This study survey can assistconstruction companies doing business in India in understanding theessential or sensitive issues that require special attention in order to conducttheir businesses smoothly in this country while employing appropriateproject management practices.