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Analysis of Criteria for Delimiting Less Favoured Mountain Areas (LFA)

Authors
  • Kowalczyk, Agnieszka
  • Kuźniar, Antoni
  • Kostuch, Marek
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Water and Land Development
Publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
Oct 28, 2014
Volume
22
Issue
1
Pages
17–24
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/jwld-2014-0018
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The objective of this work was to analyse and establish the criteria for the course of the elevation boundaries applied in delimiting of less favoured areas (LFA) under mountain and foothill conditions. This aim was achieved by verifying of the structural data on land use in relation to an altitude a.s.l. Based on the information collected on the areas in the particular land categories, and in order to assess land use, a database was created for 99 mountain communes (NUTS-5). The regulation by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development (2009) distinguishes the areas of less favourable farming (LFA, mountain), where over 50% of the agricultural land (AL) is located above an altitude of 500 m a.s.l. Previous studies have shown that the adopted limit of the average elevation for mountain LFA is too restrictive for the Polish conditions and needs correction. This is particularly clear in the case of agricultural land elevated above sea level. Support for rural development is necessary because the economic importance of agriculture in the Polish mountain and foothill regions is decreasing, and these areas are characterized by a considerably limited land use, under conditions of higher production costs. This is to do with terrain elevation a.s.l. and with the presence of large areas of significant land slopes, making it too to use normal equipment.

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