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Analysis of the complex rheological properties of highly concentrated proteins with a closed cavity rheometer

Authors
  • Wittek, Patrick
  • Zeiler, Nicole
  • Karbstein, Heike P.
  • Emin, M. Azad
Type
Published Article
Journal
Applied Rheology
Publisher
De Gruyter Open
Publication Date
Oct 17, 2020
Volume
30
Issue
1
Pages
64–76
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/arh-2020-0107
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Highly concentrated biopolymers are used in food extrusion processing. It is well known that rheo-logical properties of biopolymers influence considerably both process conditions and product properties. Therefore, characterization of rheological properties under extrusion-relevant conditions is crucial to process and product design. Since conventional rheological methods are still lacking for this purpose, a novel approach is presented. A closed cavity rheometer known in the rubber industry was used to systematically characterize a highly concentrated soy protein, a very relevant protein in extruded meat analogues. Rheological properties were first determined and discussed in the linear viscoelastic range (SAOS). Rheo-logical analysis was then carried out in the non-linear viscoelastic range (LAOS), as high deformations in extrusion demand for measurements at process-relevant high strains. The protein showed gel behavior in the linear range, while liquid behavior was observed in the nonlinear range. An expected increase in elasticity through addition of methylcellulose was detected. The measurements in the non-linear range reveal significant changes of material behavior with increasing strain. As another tool for rheological characterization, a stress relaxation test was carried out which confirmed the increase of elastic behavior after methylcellulose addition.

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