AbstractThe use of the Holstein breed’s genetic potential has enabled the creation of a new Ural Black-and-White cattle type to improve the indigenous breeds. The Ural region cattle population consists of eight breeds. The Black-and-White cow makes up 81.9%. The cow milk production is 6237 kg milk. The mass fractions of milk fat and protein are 3.88 and 3.13%, respectively. The highest milk yield of 7352 kg milk is recorded in the Holstein cows. The purebred and fourth generation animals represent 92–100% of the population in the oblasts and republics within the region. In addition, all the cattle on the farms in the Tyumen, Kurgan, and Chelyabinsk oblasts and in the Primorsky krai are purebred; eighty percent of these purebred animals are classed as the Elite Record (Super Elite) and Elite cattle. Therefore, the high-class cattle herds are built in the Ural region.