The Drosophila suppressor-of-white-apricot [su(wa)] protein regulates/modulates at least two somatic RNA processing events. It is a potent regulator of its own expression. We report here new studies of this autoregulatory circuit. Among other things, our studies show the following. First, new evidence that su(wa) expression is autoregulated at the level of pre-mRNA splicing is reported. su(wa) protein represses accumulation of the fully spliced su(wa) mRNA encoding it and promotes accumulation of high levels of incompletely spliced su(wa) pre-mRNA. Second, the fully spliced su(wa) mRNA is sufficient for all known su(wa) genetic functions indicating that it encodes the sole su(wa) protein. Third, the incompletely spliced su(wa) pre-mRNAs resulting from autoregulation are not translated (probably as a result of nuclear retention) and apparently represent nonfunctional by-products. Fourth, the special circumstances of su(wa) expression during oogenesis allows maternal deposition exclusively of fully spliced su(wa) mRNA. Fifth, su(wa) protein immunolocalizes to nuclei consistent with its being a direct regulator of pre-mRNA processing. We discuss the implications of our results for mechanisms of splicing regulation and for developmental control of su(wa) expression.