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An analysis of the 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor subtypes of central neurones of Helix aspersa.

Authors
  • Vehovszky, A
  • Walker, R J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. C, Comparative pharmacology and toxicology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1991
Volume
100
Issue
3
Pages
463–476
Identifiers
PMID: 1687543
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

1. Intracellular recordings were made from identified neurones in the central nervous system of Helix aspersa. Two types of cell were used, those excited by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and acetylcholine and those inhibited by 5-HT and dopamine. The actions of a range of 5-HT agonists and antagonists were tested for their ability to interact with 5-HT receptors. 2. 5-Carboxyamidotryptamine, alpha-methyl-5-HT and N-methyl-5-HT were active on cells excited by 5-HT, with similar potencies to 5-HT. Only 5-carboxyamidotryptamine and 5-methoxytryptamine were equiactive with 5-HT on cells inhibited by 5-HT. Most of the non-indole analogues were inactive or very weak agonists on both receptors. 3. MDL 72222 was the most active antagonist tested against 5-HT excitation, showing some selectivity for 5-HT over acetylcholine. Cinanserin and ketanserin also showed selectivity for 5-HT over acetylcholine. 4. Tryptamine was inhibitory on both cell types and was a potent antagonist of 5-HT excitation, showing selectivity for 5-HT over acetylcholine. 5. It is concluded that the 5-HT excitatory receptor recognizes the indole nucleus with substitution on position 5, save for 5-fluorotryptamine which was inhibitory. It does not appear that these 5-HT receptors can be classified in terms of the vertebrate subtypes of 5-HT receptor. However, it should be noted that only two receptor subtypes located on a small number of neurones were studied in these experiments and other 5-HT receptor suptypes may be located on other groups of neurones and peripheral tissues. These receptors may recognize other 5-HT receptor ligands including non-indoles.

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