Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired thrombotic autoimmune disorder that is clinically characterized by the development of thrombosis and obstetric morbidities in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies. Due to hypercoagulability, the focus of management is anticoagulation for the prevention of thrombosis and its recurrence. When such patients undergo surgery, however, the underlying risk of thrombosis increases as a result of anticoagulant withdrawal, immobilization, and/or intimal injury. Conversely, there is also an increased risk of bleeding due to thrombocytopaenia, possible disseminated intravascular coagulation, or progression to catastrophic APS, as a result of excessive anticoagulation, surgery, and infection. Measures for appropriate perioperative anticoagulation are discussed in this review, as well as anaesthetic considerations for preventing perioperative complications in patients with APS undergoing non-cardiac surgery.