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Amylose and amylopectin functionality during storage of bread prepared from flour of wheat containing unique starches

Authors
  • Nivelle, Mieke A; 105716;
  • Beghin, Alice S; 118392;
  • Vrinten, Patricia;
  • Nakamura, Toshiki;
  • Delcour, Jan A; 7567;
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2020
Source
Lirias
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Bread crumb firming is largely determined by the properties of gluten and starch, and the transformations they undergo during bread making and storage. Amylose (AM) and amylopectin (AP) functionality in fresh and stored bread was investigated with NMR relaxometry. Bread was prepared from flours containing normal and atypical starches, e.g., flour from wheat line 5-5, with or without the inclusion of Bacillus stearothermophilus α-amylase. Initial crumb firmness increased with higher levels of AM or shorter AM chains. Both less extended AM and gluten networks and too rigid AM networks led to low crumb resilience. AP retrogradation during storage increased when crumb contained more AP or longer AP branch chains. Shorter AP branch chains, which were present at higher levels in 5-5 than in regular bread, were less prone to retrogradation, thereby limiting gluten network dehydration due to gluten to starch moisture migration. Correspondingly, crumb firming in 5-5 bread was restricted. / status: published

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