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Amyloid precursor protein metabolism in primary cell cultures of neurons, astrocytes, and microglia.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of neurochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
66
Issue
6
Pages
2300–2310
Identifiers
PMID: 8632152
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Amyloid precursor protein (APP) gives rise by proteolytic processing to the amyloid beta peptide (A beta) found abundantly in cerebral senile plaques of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. APP is highly expressed in the brain. To assess the source of cerebral A beta, the metabolism of APP was investigated in the major cell types of the newborn rat cerebral cortex by pulse/chase labeling and immunoprecipitation of the APP and APP metabolic fragments. We describe a novel C-terminally truncated APP isoform that appears to be made only in neurons. The synthesis, degradation, and metabolism of APP were quantified by phosphorimaging in neurons, astrocytes, and microglia. The results show that although little APP is metabolized through the amyloidogenic pathways in each of the three cultures, neurons appear to generate more A beta than astrocytes or microglia.

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