The pollinic season of ambrosia in 2003 present strong disturbances due to the meteorology of the end of this summer. The areas with the allergenic risk are concentrated on the area of Rhône-Alpes (more than 40 days with a risk equal to or higher than 3) and on the peripheral areas: the area Centre Auvergne with Saint Etienne, Clermont-Ferrand and Montlucon with approximately 10 days with a the allergenic risk equal to or higher than 3; the Saône-Savoie area with the towns of Macon and Grenoble with about twenty days with a allergenic risk equal to or higher than 3 and Dijon, Châlon-sur-Saône with 6 days with a allergic risk equal to or higher than 3; the Mediterranean area with the towns of Avignon and Aix-in-Provence presenting ten days with allergenic risk equal to or higher than 3, Marseille and Toulon with 7 days with a allergenic risk equal to or higher than 3. The allergic risk related to the ambrosia in 2003 had peaks overall less high, but the season is spread out and had during until September 20. The daily peaks for the Rhône-Dauphiné-Drôme area were noted between 6 h and 8 h or 8 h and 10 h, for 2003. On the peripheral areas, we remark a diversity of the daily peaks (Châlon-sur-Saône between 18 h and 20 h). Are these pollens local grains or immigrants grains? On Lyon I (Gerland), the follow-up of the data of the ambrosia since 1987 permit to remark a stagnation of the number of days with an allergic risk, despite a reduction of the number of pollens.