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[Ambient pressure synthesis and characterization of silica aerogel as adsorbent for dieldrin].

Authors
  • Sha, Wei
  • Liu, Rui-ping
  • Liu, Hui-juan
  • Qu, Jiu-hui
Type
Published Article
Journal
Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2008
Volume
29
Issue
12
Pages
3415–3420
Identifiers
PMID: 19256378
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Hydrophobic silica aerogels were prepared from cheap waterglass precursors via surface modification of wet gels and ambient pressure drying route. Its adsorption capacity of Dieldrin, a typical of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), was examined. It is characterized via BET, FTIR, and DSC-TGA. The silica aerogels were highly hydrophobic with contact angles of 135 degrees-142 degrees, and the hydrophobicity of the aerogels could be maintained up to the temperature of 380 degrees C. The silica aerogels were porous with, pore size distribution of 17.5-23.4 nm, porosity of 94.8%-95.6%, and surface area of 444-560 m2 x g(-1). The results of adsorption experiments indicated that the hydrophobic aerogels could remove 84% of dieldrin from aqueous solution within 4 h; the adsorption process followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics process. Based on the adsorption equilibrium results, the adsorption capacity of silica aerogel was 11 times bigger than by active carbon.

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