Hydrophobic silica aerogels were prepared from cheap waterglass precursors via surface modification of wet gels and ambient pressure drying route. Its adsorption capacity of Dieldrin, a typical of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), was examined. It is characterized via BET, FTIR, and DSC-TGA. The silica aerogels were highly hydrophobic with contact angles of 135 degrees-142 degrees, and the hydrophobicity of the aerogels could be maintained up to the temperature of 380 degrees C. The silica aerogels were porous with, pore size distribution of 17.5-23.4 nm, porosity of 94.8%-95.6%, and surface area of 444-560 m2 x g(-1). The results of adsorption experiments indicated that the hydrophobic aerogels could remove 84% of dieldrin from aqueous solution within 4 h; the adsorption process followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics process. Based on the adsorption equilibrium results, the adsorption capacity of silica aerogel was 11 times bigger than by active carbon.