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Alterations in components of adenylate cyclase associated with transformation of chicken embryo fibroblasts by Rous sarcoma virus.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
261
Issue
7
Pages
3408–3413
Identifiers
PMID: 3005290
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Regulation of adenylate cyclase coincident with transformation of chicken embryo fibroblasts by Rous sarcoma virus is manifest as a 10-50% decrease in basal, Mg2+-, and forskolin-stimulated activities; activities elicited by fluoride and guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) are unaltered. The level of the catalytic component of adenylate cyclase, assessed with activated stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein (Gs), increases approximately 1.5-fold. The level of the beta subunit common to Gs and the inhibitory regulatory protein assessed by enzyme-linked immunotransfer blotting, increases 2.7-fold. The isoelectric behavior of the beta subunit is unaltered. The amount of radiolabel incorporated into the alpha subunit of Gs (Mr = 45,000) upon incubation of membranes with 32P-labeled NAD and cholera toxin increases 3-fold upon transformation. Detergent extracts prepared from membranes of untransformed and transformed fibroblasts nevertheless exhibit equivalent abilities to reconstitute fluoride-stimulated activities to membranes of the cyc-variant of mouse S49 lymphoma cells. Islet-activating protein catalyzes incorporation of radiolabel from 32P-labeled NAD into 39,000- and 41,000-dalton proteins; the extent of radiolabel incorporation does not change upon transformation. Modest alterations in the isoelectric behaviors of substrates for cholera toxin and islet-activating protein occur.

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