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Alteration of glucose tolerance in mice fed low levels of aflatoxins and with depressed glyoxalase-I activity.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Veterinary and human toxicology
Publication Date
Volume
37
Issue
1
Pages
59–61
Identifiers
PMID: 7709595
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Glyoxalase-I activity plays an important role in glucose metabolism and has been reported to be depressed in mice fed low levels of aflatoxin B1. In the present study examination of glyoxalase-I activity, glucose tolerance and pancreatic beta cell sensitivity was made in mice fed 0.045 ng aflatoxin B1 + 0.450 ng aflatoxin G1/g feed prenatally and for 6 mo after birth. After glucose challenge the ratios between 0-h and 2-h serum glucose levels were significantly higher than controls, indicating an increase in tolerance of glucose in the aflatoxin-fed mice with lower glyoxalase-I activity. Pancreatic beta cell sensitivity to stimulation by tolbutamide was similar in both groups. However, liver malonic dialdehyde was significantly higher in the aflatoxin-fed mice, suggesting that the altered tolerance for glucose in the aflatoxin-fed mice might be a consequence of aflatoxin mediated peroxidative actions in the liver.

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