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An alpha4beta1 integrin antagonist decreases airway inflammation in ovalbumin-exposed mice.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Journal of Pharmacology
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
603
Issue
1-3
Pages
138–146
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.11.063
Source
Kit Lam Lab
License
Unknown

Abstract

Inhibition of the alpha4 subunit of both the alpha4beta1 and alpha4beta7 integrins has shown promise in decreasing airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness in various animal models. We hypothesized that a novel, high-affinity alpha4beta1 antagonist (LLP2A) would decrease the migration of eosinophils to the lung and ameliorate the airway hyperresponsiveness in a mouse model of ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation. To test this hypothesis, we administered LLP2A, or scrambled LLP2A (a negative control), prior to exposure of sensitized BALB/c mice to ovalbumin aerosol. We can partially prevent, or reverse, the airway inflammatory response, but not airways hyperresponsiveness, by treatment of mice with LLP2A, a synthetic peptidomimetic alpha4beta1 antagonist. Specifically engineered, PEGylated (PEG) formulations of this antagonist further reduce the airway inflammatory response to ovalbumin, presumably by improving the circulating half-life of the drug.

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