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Alpha 2-adrenoceptor and catecholamine-insensitive binding sites for [3H]rilmenidine in membranes from rat cerebral cortex.

Authors
  • King, P R
  • Gundlach, A L
  • Jarrott, B
  • Louis, W J
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Journal of Pharmacology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jul 21, 1992
Volume
218
Issue
1
Pages
101–108
Identifiers
PMID: 1356804
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The kinetic and pharmacological characteristics of the binding of the oxazoline antihypertensive drug, [3H]rilmenidine, to membranes of rat cerebral cortex have been determined. Computerised resolution of curvi-linear, equilibrium binding isotherms was consistent with the existence of two distinct binding sites for [3H]rilmenidine: Kd 17.3 +/- 7.41 nM, Bmax 0.197 +/- 0.06 pmol/mg protein and Kd 254 +/- 48 nM, Bmax 1.59 +/- 0.08 pmol/mg protein. Moreover, the resolution of two association and dissociation rates also suggested the existence of two binding site populations. Drug inhibition studies revealed that specific binding of [3H]rilmenidine (2 nM) was only inhibited by a maximum of 50% by the catecholamines, adrenaline and noradrenaline, but was completely inhibited by some oxazolines, by guanabenz (a guanidino drug) and by several imidazoline compounds including naphazoline, oxymetazoline and clonidine. Binding isotherms for these drugs were also best fit by a two-site model. The relative Ki values at the high affinity site for [3H]rilmenidine and the number of these high affinity sites are consistent with this site being an alpha 2-adrenoceptor. The high affinity of oxymetazoline and low affinity of prazosin for high affinity [3H]rilmenidine binding sites together with the rank order of potency of oxymetazoline greater than phentolamine greater than SKF 104078 greater than ARC-239 greater than prazosin suggest that [3H]rilmenidine binds to the alpha 2A sub-type of adrenoceptor. Computer-resolved Ki values for drugs at the larger number of lower affinity binding sites were very similar to Ki values determined in the presence of 10 microM adrenaline (used to block alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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