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All-trans retinoic acid inhibits the recruitment of ARNT to DNA, resulting in the decrease of CYP1A1 mRNA expression in HepG2 cells

Authors
  • Ohno, Marumi
  • Ikenaka, Yoshinori
  • Ishizuka, Mayumi
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publisher
Elsevier BV
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Volume
417
Issue
1
Pages
484–489
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.11.146
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT) are well-conserved transcription factors among species. However, there are a very limited number of reports on the physiological function of AHR, particularly on the regulation of AHR by endogenous compounds. We hence investigated the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) on cytochrome P450 ( CYP) 1A1 gene transcription as a model of AHR-regulated transcription mechanisms in HepG2 cells, a human hepatoma cell line. Treatment with atRA significantly reduced transactivation and expression of CYP1A1 mRNA to less than half of its control value, and this inhibitory effect was mediated by RARα. The result of chromatin immunoprecipitation assay indicated that treatment with atRA at 1–100 nM drastically inhibited the recruitment of ARNT to DNA regions containing xenobiotic responsive elements. In conclusion, atRA at physiological concentrations could reduce AHR-mediated gene transcription via the inhibition of recruitment of ARNT to relevant DNA regions.

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