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Allergen-specific IgE and IgG4 patterns among patients with different allergic diseases

Authors
  • Smoldovskaya, Olga1
  • Feyzkhanova, Guzel1
  • Voloshin, Sergei1
  • Arefieva, Alla1
  • Chubarova, Antonina2
  • Pavlushkina, Ludmila2
  • Filatova, Tatiana2
  • Antonova, Eugenia2
  • Timofeeva, Elena2
  • Butvilovskaya, Veronika1
  • Lysov, Yuri1
  • Zasedatelev, Alexander1
  • Rubina, Alla1
  • 1 Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilova str. 32, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation , Moscow (Russia)
  • 2 Filatov Moscow City Pediatric Clinic No. 13, Moscow, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
World Allergy Organization Journal
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Dec 03, 2018
Volume
11
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40413-018-0220-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundIn addition to allergen-specific IgE (sIgE), allergen-specific IgG4 (sIgG4) antibodies are also involved in the immune response resulting from an allergen exposure. The aim of our study was to analyze sIgE and sIgG4 patterns in the most common allergic disorders: bronchial asthma, upper airway disorders and atopic dermatitis.MethodsIn this study a screening analysis of blood serum samples from 673 patients aged from 6 months to 17 years with different allergic entities was performed on microarrays. sIgE and sIgG4 levels to the most common allergens were estimated.ResultssIgE response to most pollen allergens is more strongly associated with respiratory diseases than with atopic dermatitis, while sIgE responses to cat and dog dander are more strongly associated with bronchial asthma than with atopic dermatitis and upper airway disorders such as rhinosinusitis and allergic rhinitis. A lower prevalence of sIgG4 to pollen allergens in cases of atopic dermatitis is observed compared with that in cases of asthma and upper airway disorders. Analyzing all the allergic disorders, one can see that sIgG4 response to inhalant allergens is strongly associated with sensitization to the corresponding allergen.ConclusionAllergen-specific IgE and IgG4 patterns that are relevant to concrete allergic diseases differ by sIgE and sIgG4 prevalences to defined allergens.

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