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Alkali-Metal Mediation: Diversity of Applications in Main-Group Organometallic Chemistry.

Authors
  • Gentner, Thomas X1
  • Mulvey, Robert E1
  • 1 Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XL, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Apr 19, 2021
Volume
60
Issue
17
Pages
9247–9262
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/anie.202010963
PMID: 33017511
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Organolithium compounds have been at the forefront of synthetic chemistry for over a century, as they mediate the synthesis of myriads of compounds that are utilised worldwide in academic and industrial settings. For that reason, lithium has always been the most important alkali metal in organometallic chemistry. Today, that importance is being seriously challenged by sodium and potassium, as the alkali-metal mediation of organic reactions in general has started branching off in several new directions. Recent examples covering main-group homogeneous catalysis, stoichiometric organic synthesis, low-valent main-group metal chemistry, polymerization, and green chemistry are showcased in this Review. Since alkali-metal compounds are often not the end products of these applications, their roles are rarely given top billing. Thus, this Review has been written to alert the community to this rising unifying phenomenon of "alkali-metal mediation". © 2020 The Authors. Angewandte Chemie International Edition published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

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