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An algorithmic approach to scalp reconstructive surgery: maximization of cosmetic and functional outcomes.

  • Mahmood, Mustafa
  • Eisen, Daniel
Publication Date
Apr 29, 2024
eScholarship - University of California
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BACKGROUND: Scalp reconstruction requires knowledge of scalp anatomy and reconstructive options. Advances in the field have led to numerous procedures being at the disposal of the reconstructive surgeon, expanding treatment options for patients. OBJECTIVE: To provide an algorithmic approach and general guidelines to consider when deciding on which scalp surgery will optimize cosmetic and functional outcomes. METHODS & MATERIALS: Previous literature was searched for the last 20 years to provide an updated guide. RESULTS: Taking into consideration the location, size and local scalp anatomy of a presenting defect will lead to optimal surgical outcomes. Other confounding factors such as bone exposure and extremely large defects will affect decision making. An algorithmic approach has been provided in this review. CONCLUSION: While many reconstructive surgical options are available, the best ones will depend on individual presentation of scalp defects. Location and size are first line considerations while local scalp anatomy will allow for tailoring of reconstructive options. This will help to maximize cosmetic and aesthetic considerations.

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