This study examined plasma- and eosinophil-derived products in nasal lavage fluids obtained from patients with hay fever during natural allergen exposure. Nine patients with strictly seasonal allergic rhinitis and five normal, nonallergic subjects (control group) were studied. Nasal lavages were performed twice weekly, starting 1 week before the expected birch-pollen season and continuing for 6 weeks, thereby covering the entire birch-pollen season. Nasal symptoms and pollen counts were recorded daily. The lavage fluid was analyzed for it content of albumin, bradykinins, and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP). During the pollen season, each of these solutes was significantly increased in the nasal lavage fluid from the allergic patients (p less than 0.05) but not from the control subjects. Albumin, bradykinins, and ECP generally correlated better between themselves than with symptoms and pollen counts. We conclude that natural exposure to allergens induces plasma exudation and increased levels of ECP on the human nasal mucosa.