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Aition et prophasis chez Hippocrate et Galien : deux mots pour une même cause ?

Authors
  • Boudon-Millot, Véronique1
  • 1 CNRS/Sorbonne Université, France , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Elenchos
Publisher
De Gruyter
Publication Date
Aug 12, 2021
Volume
42
Issue
1
Pages
47–66
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/elen-2021-0006
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

This paper deals with the two notions of aition or aitia and prophasis in the Greek medical texts and asks the question of whether these words are synonymous or not. Therefore, it explores their different meanings in different contexts both in the Hippocratic and in the Galenic corpus. It also investigates how Galen understands these two notions when he reads them in the Hippocratic treatises and how he explains them in his commentaries to Hippocrates, and in particular, if he gives the same meaning to these words in his own treatises or if he uses them in a different way.

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