Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Aichi virus 1: environmental occurrence and behavior.

Authors
  • Kitajima, Masaaki1
  • Gerba, Charles P2
  • 1 Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, The University of Arizona, 1117 E. Lowell St., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, The University of Arizona, 1117 E. Lowell St., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pathogens (Basel, Switzerland)
Publication Date
May 19, 2015
Volume
4
Issue
2
Pages
256–268
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/pathogens4020256
PMID: 25996404
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Aichi virus 1 (AiV-1), belonging to the genus Kobuvirus in the family Picornaviridae, has been proposed as a causative agent of human gastroenteritis potentially transmitted by fecal-oral routes through contaminated food or water. AiV-1 is globally distributed and has been detected in various types of environmental samples, such as sewage, river water, groundwater, and shellfish. Recent environmental studies revealed that this virus could be detected in higher frequency and greater abundance than other human enteric viruses. These findings suggest that AiV-1 could potentially be an appropriate indicator of viral contamination in the environment because of its high prevalence in water environments as well as structural and genetic similarity with some of the other important enteric viruses. Further studies on the occurrence and fate of AiV-1 in environments, even in combination with clinical studies of many regions, are needed for a better understanding of their epidemiology, temporal and geographical distribution, environmental stability, and potential health risks to humans.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times