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The AICD interacting protein DAB1 is up-regulated in Alzheimer frontal cortex brain samples and causes deregulation of proteins involved in gene expression changes.

Authors
  • Müller, T
  • Loosse, C
  • Schrötter, A
  • Schnabel, A
  • Helling, S
  • Egensperger, R
  • Marcus, K
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current Alzheimer Research
Publisher
Bentham Science
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2011
Volume
8
Issue
5
Pages
573–582
Identifiers
PMID: 21453247
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

AICD is the intracellular subdomain of the amyloid precursor protein thought to play a pivotal role as a potential transcription factor that might be of relevance for the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease. For its signal transduction potential AICD requires interacting proteins like FE65 and TIP60. However, many other proteins were described being able to bind to AICD. Here, we studied mRNA levels of AICD interacting proteins and found one of them (DAB1) strongly up-regulated in human post-mortem frontal cortex brain samples of AD patients. Subsequent cell culture experiments revealed that elevated DAB1 level results in the deregulation of the cellular proteome. We found the proliferation associated protein 2G4 as well as the guanine monophosphate synthetase (GMPS) significantly up-regulated in DAB1 over-expressing cells. Both proteins can be involved in cellular transcription processes supporting the hypothesis that DAB1 acts via modification of the AICD-dependent transcriptionally active complex. Of note, expression of the three components of the putative transcription complex (AICD, FE65, and TIP60 (AFT)) also revealed deregulation of the GMPS protein in an opposite fashion. Our results point to a putative relevance of AICD-dependent mechanisms in AD, caused by protein abundance changes of AICD interacting proteins, as shown for DAB1 in this work.

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