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AI4People—An Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations

  • Floridi, Luciano1, 2
  • Cowls, Josh1, 2
  • Beltrametti, Monica3
  • Chatila, Raja4, 5
  • Chazerand, Patrice6
  • Dignum, Virginia7, 8
  • Luetge, Christoph9
  • Madelin, Robert10
  • Pagallo, Ugo11
  • Rossi, Francesca12, 13
  • Schafer, Burkhard14
  • Valcke, Peggy15, 16
  • Vayena, Effy17
  • 1 University of Oxford, Oxford Internet Institute, Oxford, UK , Oxford (United Kingdom)
  • 2 The Alan Turing Institute, London, UK , London (United Kingdom)
  • 3 Naver Corporation, Grenoble, France , Grenoble (France)
  • 4 French National Center of Scientific Research, Paris, France , Paris (France)
  • 5 Pierre and Marie Curie University, Institute of Intelligent Systems and Robotics, Paris, France , Paris (France)
  • 6 Digital Europe, Brussels, Belgium , Brussels (Belgium)
  • 7 University of Umeå, Umeå, Sweden , Umeå (Sweden)
  • 8 Delft University of Technology, Delft Design for Values Institute, Delft, The Netherlands , Delft (Netherlands)
  • 9 Technical University of Munich, TUM School of Governance, Munich, Germany , Munich (Germany)
  • 10 University of Oxford, Centre for Technology and Global Affairs, Oxford, UK , Oxford (United Kingdom)
  • 11 University of Turin, Department of Law, Turin, Italy , Turin (Italy)
  • 12 IBM Research, New York, USA , New York (United States)
  • 13 University of Padova, Padua, Italy , Padua (Italy)
  • 14 University of Edinburgh Law School, Edinburgh, UK , Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
  • 15 Catholic University of Leuven, Centre for IT & IP Law, Flanders, Belgium , Flanders (Belgium)
  • 16 Bocconi University, Milan, Italy , Milan (Italy)
  • 17 ETH Zurich, Bioethics, Health Ethics and Policy Lab, Zurich, Switzerland , Zurich (Switzerland)
Published Article
Minds and Machines
Springer Netherlands
Publication Date
Nov 26, 2018
DOI: 10.1007/s11023-018-9482-5
Springer Nature


This article reports the findings of AI4People, an Atomium—EISMD initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations—to assess, to develop, to incentivise, and to support good AI—which in some cases may be undertaken directly by national or supranational policy makers, while in others may be led by other stakeholders. If adopted, these recommendations would serve as a firm foundation for the establishment of a Good AI Society.

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