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Age-period-cohort analysis of trends in blood pressure and body mass index in children and adolescents in Hong Kong.

Authors
  • Kwok, Man Ki1
  • Tu, Yu Kang2
  • Kawachi, Ichiro3
  • Schooling, C Mary1, 4
  • 1 School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong, China. , (China)
  • 2 Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. , (Taiwan)
  • 3 Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
  • 4 CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, City University of New York, New York, New York, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2017
Volume
71
Issue
12
Pages
1161–1168
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1136/jech-2017-209491
PMID: 29056593
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

With globalisation and associated lifestyle changes, successive generations of children and adolescents in a recently developed Chinese setting had lower BP and BMI, but this fall was offset until recently by population-wide increase in BMI. School-based health promotion efforts could have partly mitigated the population-wide rise in child and adolescent BMI, while socioeconomic transition or other factors could be relevant to changes in BP between generations. Explaining these trends will help identify early-life factors that may contribute to a healthier start as well as contemporaneous factors that may protect against rising trends in adiposity.

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